Allah ( Arabic: الله, romanized: Allāh) is the Arabic word for God in Abrahamic religions. In the English language, the word generally refers to God in Islam. The word is thought to be derived by contraction from al-ilāh, which means "the god", and is related to El and Elah, the Hebrew and Aramaic words for God.
Muhammad (Arabic: مُحمّد, pronounced [muħammad]; c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE) was an Arab merchant and the founder of Islam. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. He is viewed as the final prophet of God in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief. Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity, with the Quran as well as his teachings and practices forming the basis of Islamic religious belief. He is referred to by many appellations, including Messenger of Allah, The Prophet Muhammad, Allah's Apostle, Last Prophet of Islam and others; there are also many variant spellings of Muhammad, such as Mohamet, Mahamad, Muhamad and many others.
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THE HOLY QURAN
The Quran ( kur-AHN; Arabic: القرآن, romanized: al-Qurʼān Arabic pronunciation: [alqur'aːn], literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran[c]) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims( Those who believe in Allah ) believe to be a revelation from God (Allah). It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature. The Quran is divided into chapters (Arabic: سورة sūrah, plural سور suwar), which are subdivided into verses (Arabic: آية āyah, plural آيات āyāt).
Ḥadith (Arabic: حديث ), also "tradition") Islam refers to the record of Islamic prophet Muhammad's words, actions, and silent approval in Islam. Hadith has been called the "background" of the Islamic civilization, and the authority of the hadith in the religion of the religious law and moral instruction is secured second place from the second Qur'an, Allah reveals His Messenger Muhammad. Scriptural authority for the hadith comes from the Qur'an, which forces the Muslims to imitate Muhammad and follow his judgement (verse 24:54, 33:21).
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The Five Pillars of Islam (arkān al-Islām أركان الإسلام; also arkān al-dīn أركان الدين "pillars of the religion") are some basic acts in Islam, considered mandatory by believers and are the foundation of Muslim life.
The First Pillar of Islam is the Shahadah, which is the assertion of Muslim faith, combining the themes of Unity and Mercy that are evident in the Quran. There are two Shahadahs: “There is no god but God” & “Muhammad is the messenger of God”.t is a set statement normally recited in Arabic: lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāhu muḥammadun rasūlu-llāh (لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله) "There is no god but God (and) Muhammad is the messenger of God." It is essential to utter it to become a Muslim and to convert to Islam.
The Second Pillar of Islam is Salat, or prayer. These prayers are a very specific type of prayer and a very physical type of prayer called prostrations. These prayers are done 5 times a day, at set strict times, with the individual facing Mecca. The prayers are performed at dawn, noon, afternoon, evening, and night: the names are according to the prayer times: Fajr (dawn), Dhuhr (noon), ʿAṣr (afternoon), Maghrib (evening), and ʿIshāʾ (night).
The Third Pillar of Islam is Zakat, or almsgiving or charity. By following this pillar, Muslims have to deduct certain amount of their income to support the Islamic community, and it usually about 2.5% of an individual’s income. This practice is not found in the Quran but rather in the hadith. The tax is used to take good care of the holy places and mosques in the individual's specific Muslim community or to give assistance to those in need or who are impoverished.
The Fourth Pillar of Islam is Sawm, or fasting. Fasting takes place during Ramadan, which is the holy month in the Islamic calendar (lunar calendar). This means the month of Ramadan shifts 11 days each year. Sawm is directly stated in the Quran saying: “eat and drink until the whiteness of the day becomes distinct from the blackness of the night at dawn, then complete the fast till night…”. The fast occurs from dawn to sunset each day during which time believers are expected to prohibit themselves from any food, drink, sexual intercourse, or smoking.
The final Pillar of Islam is the Hajj, or pilgrimage. During one’s life, a Muslim is required to make the pilgrimage to Mecca during the 12th month of the lunar calendar. This ritua2l consists of making journey to Mecca wearing only 2 white sheets so all of the pilgrims are identical and there is no class distinction among them. Amid the hajj, every single Muslim man dress alike in a straightforward fabric, again to emphasize their uniformity. Ladies wear a less complex type of their ordinary dress.
Prophets in Islam (Arabic: ٱلْأَنۢبِيَاء فِي ٱلْإِسْلَام, romanized: nabī, lit. 'prophet' pl. الأنبياء,نب anbiyāʼ) are individuals who Muslims believe were sent by God to various communities in order to serve as examples of ideal human behavior and to spread God's message on Earth.
Prophets in Islam (Arabic: ٱلْأَنۢبِيَاء فِي ٱلْإِسْلَام, romanized: nabī, lit. 'prophet' pl. الأنبياء,نب anbiyāʼ) are individuals who Muslims believe were sent by God to various communities in order to serve as examples of ideal human behavior and to spread God's message on Earth. Some prophets are categorized as messengers (Arabic: رسل, romanized: rasūl pl. رسول rasl), those who transmit divine revelation through the intercession of an angel. Muslims believe that many prophets existed, including many not mentioned in the Qur'an. The Qur'an states: "There is a Messenger for every community". Belief in the Islamic prophets is one of the six articles of the Islamic faith.
In Islam, Jannah (Arabic: جنّة Jannah; plural: Jannat), lit. "garden", is the final abode of the righteous and the Islamic believers, but also the Garden of Eden, where Adam and Hawwa dwelt. Firdaws (Arabic: فردوس) is the literal term meaning paradise, but the Quran generally uses the term Jannah symbolically referring to paradise. However "Firdaus" also designates the highest layer of heaven.
Jahannam (Arabic: جهنم) in Islam refers to an afterlife place of punishment for evildoers. The punishments are carried in accordance with the degree of evil one has done during his life. In Quran, Jahannam is also referred as an-Nar النار ("The Fire"), Jaheem جحيم ("Blazing Fire"), Hutamah حطمة ("That which Breaks to Pieces" ), Haawiyah هاوية ("The Abyss"), Ladthaa لظى, Sa’eer سعير ("The Blaze"), Saqar سقر. and also the names of different gates to hell. Just like the Islamic heavens, the common belief holds that Jahannam coexists with the temporary world.
In Islam, angels (Arabic: ملك malak; plural: ملاًئِكة malā'ikah) are celestial beings, created from a luminious origin by God to perform certain tasks he has given them. Islam acknowledges the concept of angels both as anthropomorphic and abstract. The angels from the angelic realm are subordinates in a hierarchy headed by one of the archangels in the highest heavens. Belief in angels is one of the six articles of faith in Islam.
The Great Mosque of Mecca , known in Arabic as the Masjid Al-Haram (ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـد ٱلْـحَـرَام, literally The Sacred Mosque), is a mosque that surrounds the Kaaba in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Al-Masjid an-Nabawī (Arabic: ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـدُ ٱلـنَّـبَـوِيّ, "The Prophet's Mosque") is a mosque established and originally built by the Islamic prophet Muhammad, situated in the city of Medina in the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia.
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Al-Aqsa Mosque (Arabic: ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـد الْاَقْـصَى, romanized: Al-Masjid al-Aqṣā), "the Farthest Mosque"), located in the Old City of Jerusalem, is the third holiest site in Islam. The mosque was built on top of the Temple Mount, known as Haram esh-Sharif in Islam. Muslims believe that Muhammad was transported from the Sacred Mosque in Mecca to al-Aqsa during the Night Journey. Islamic tradition holds that Muhammad led prayers towards this site until the 17th month after his migration from Mecca to Medina, when Allāh directed him to turn towards the Kaaba in Mecca.
The Great Mosque of Mecca (Arabic: ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـد ٱلْـحَـرَام, Masjid al-Ḥarām,) is a mosque that surrounds the Kaaba in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is a site of pilgrimage for the Hajj, which every Muslim must do at least once in their lives if able, the rites of which includes circumambulating the Kaaba within the mosque. It is also the main phase for the 'Umrah'. The Great Mosque includes other important significant sites, including the Black Stone, the Zamzam Well, Maqam Ibrahim, and the hills Safa and Marwa. It is open, regardless of date or time.
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Abdul Rahman Ibn Abdul Aziz as-Sudais is the imam of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia; the president of the General Presidency for the Affairs of the Two Holy Mosques; a renowned qāriʾ; and was the Dubai International Holy Qur'an Award's "Islamic Personality Of the Year" in 2005.
Dr. Zakir Naik
Zakir Abdul Karim Naik is an Indian Islamic televangelist, and the founder and president of the Islamic Research Foundation. Interpol has issued red notice against fugitive Zakir Naik to extradiate him from Malaysia to India and face money laundering and hate speech charges.
Nouman Ali Khan
Nouman Ali Khan is an American Muslim speaker and Arabic instructor who founded the Bayyinah Institute for Arabic and Qur’anic Studies, after serving as an instructor of Arabic at Nassau Community College.
Yusuf Estes is an American preacher from Texas who converted from Christianity to Islam in 1991. He claims to have been a Muslim Chaplain for the United States Bureau of Prisons through the 1990s, and and to have served a delegate to the United Nations World Peace Conference for Religious Leaders held at the U.N. in September 2000.
Mufti Ismail Menk
Ismail ibn Musa Menk, also known as Mufti Menk, is a Muslim cleric and Grand Mufti of Zimbabwe. He is the head of the fatwa department of The Council of Islamic Scholars of Zimbabwe.
Tariq Jamil is a Pakistani religious writer, Islamic televangelist, scholar and a member of the Tablighi Jamaat. He has been named one as of The 500 Most Influential Muslims in the world by the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought in Jordan from 2013 to 2019.
Maulana Taqi Usmani
Muhammad Taqi Usmani is a Sunni Hanafi Maturidi Islamic scholar from Pakistan. He served as a judge on the Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan from 1981 to 1982 and the Shariat Appellate Bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan between 1982 and 2002.
Omar Suleiman is an American Muslim scholar, civil rights activist, writer, and speaker. He is the Founder and President of the Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research and a Professor of Islamic Studies at Southern Methodist University.
Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips, is a Canadian Muslim teacher, speaker, author, founder and chancellor of the Islamic Online University, who lives in Qatar. He appears on Peace TV, which is a 24-hour Islamic satellite TV channel. He considers himself a Salafi who advocates a traditional, literal form of Islam.
Hussain Yee or Hussein Yee (born 1950) is a Malaysian preacher and Islamic scholar. Born into a Buddhist family, Hussain Yee converted to Islam at the age of 18. Yee studied under the scholar Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani.Hussain Yee is the Founder and President of Al-Khaadem.
Mufti Sheikh Ammaar Saeed is a founder and president of Islamic Research Foundation New York IRFNY, AHAD TV, Shariah Council New York ISCNY and One God TV.He was born in Pakistan and raised in Dubai with a Diamond and Jewelry Business family background. He had Trademark large Diamond and Jewelry business in New York Diamond District.
Delwar Hossain Sayeedi is an Islamic speaker, lecturer, politician who served as a Member of the Parliament of Bangladesh from 1996 to 2008.Sayeedi was born in a village located in Indurkani, Pirojpur (Barisal Division), present-day Bangladesh, on 1 February 1940. His father Yusuf Sayedee was an Islamic orator.
Islam teaches the cultivation of excellent moral character to better oneself and the world around oneself. It teaches a set of values that promote life, liberty, equality and justice. Some of these values include:
1. Respect for the earth and all creatures.
2. Care and compassion for those less fortunate.
3. The importance of seeking knowledge.
4. Honesty and truthfulness in word and deed.
5. Striving continuously to improve oneself and the world.
Islam is Abrahamic and therefore has beliefs similar to those of the other Abrahamic traditions, Christianity and Judaism. The six major beliefs include:
1. Belief in God.
2. Belief in angels.
3. Belief in God’s prophets/messengers.
4. Belief in God’s revelations in the form of Holy Scriptures revealed to the messengers.
5. Belief in an afterlife that follows the Day of Judgment when people will be held accountable for their actions and compensated accordingly in the afterlife.
6. Belief in God’s divine will and His knowledge of everything that happens in the world.
Like other religious traditions, Islam has rituals that are opportunities for spiritual rejuvenation and connecting with God. The five central practices include:
1. The profession of faith, namely that there is only one God, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.
2. The five daily prayers.
3. Required annual donation to charity in the amount of 2.5% of one’s excess wealth.
4. Fasting during daylight hours in the month of Ramadan.
5. Making a pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime, if one is mentally, physically, and financially able.
At ING, we hold the belief that any person who considers him or herself a Muslim is a Muslim, regardless of their practice.
1. This is generally defined as someone who affirms the Declaration of Faith that “There is no God but God and Muhammad is His messenger.”
1. The Qur’an – generally believed by Muslims to be the divinely revealed word of God. Consists of stories of the prophets, references to nature, attributes of God, ethics and values, and commandments.
2. Sunnah – the example of the Prophet Muhammad (i.e., what he said, did, approved, disapproved, caused, ordered, or allowed to happen).
3. The rulings of the twelve imams (for the Shi’a denomination of Islam only).
1. Ramadan is the month in which Muslims believe that the Qur’an was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.
2. Muslims fast in Ramadan in an effort to:
1. Draw nearer to God.
1. Internalize discipline, willpower, and empathy for those less fortunate.